Best Succulents for Beginners

woman watering succulents

Succulents have become a popular choice for indoor plants in recent years, thanks to their unique shapes, colors, and textures, as well as their reputation for being low maintenance. These hardy plants are ideal for beginners who are just starting to explore the world of indoor gardening, as they require minimal watering and can survive in a range of lighting conditions.

However, with so many different types of succulents available, it can be difficult to know where to begin. In this article, we’ll explore the best succulents for beginners, including their ideal growing conditions and tips for keeping them healthy and thriving. Whether you’re looking to start your indoor garden or simply add a few more plants to your collection, our guide has everything you need to know to get started with succulents.

What is a Succulent Plant?

The succulent plant is a type of plant that is able to store water in its leaves, stems, or roots. These plants have adapted to survive in arid environments with little rainfall, and their ability to store water allows them to go for long periods of time without being watered.

Succulents come in a wide variety of shapes, sizes, and colors, and are often characterized by their fleshy leaves or stems. They are commonly grown as indoor or outdoor plants and are popular due to their unique appearance, ease of care, and ability to thrive in a range of environments. Some of the most well-known succulents include cacti, aloe vera, jade plants, and echeveria.

Best Succulents for Beginners

There are several types of succulent houseplants that are ideal for beginners, as they are easy to care for and require minimal watering. Here are some of the best succulent houseplants for beginners:


close up of echeveria plant

Echeveria is a genus of flowering succulent plants that are native to Central and South America. These beautiful plants are popular among gardeners and succulent enthusiasts due to their stunning rosette-shaped foliage, which can range in color from pale green to deep red.

Echeveria plants are relatively easy to care for, and they thrive in bright, indirect sunlight and well-draining soil. They are drought-tolerant and should be watered only when the soil is completely dry.

Echeveria plants can be propagated from stem cuttings or leaf cuttings, making them an excellent choice for those who want to expand their succulent collection. With their beautiful foliage and easy-care nature, Echeveria plants are a great addition to any indoor or outdoor garden.

Jade Plant

The Jade plant, also known as Crassula ovata, is a popular succulent plant that is native to South Africa. This plant is commonly grown as a houseplant due to its attractive, thick, oval-shaped leaves and ease of care. The leaves of the jade plant can range in color from dark green to light green or even yellowish-green, and the plant may produce small white or pink flowers during the winter months. Jade plants are relatively low-maintenance and prefer bright, indirect sunlight and well-draining soil. They are drought-tolerant and should be watered only when the soil is completely dry. Jade plants are also easy to propagate and can be grown from stem cuttings or leaf cuttings. Overall, the jade plant is a beautiful and versatile succulent that is perfect for both novice and experienced gardeners alike.

Aloe Vera

Potted Aloe Plant

Aloe vera is a succulent plant that is well-known for its medicinal properties. Native to the Arabian Peninsula, it is now widely cultivated across the world for its therapeutic benefits as well as its ornamental value. The plant is characterized by its long, green, fleshy leaves that contain a gel-like substance that is used to treat various skin conditions such as burns, cuts, and sunburns.

The aloe vera plant is easy to care for and can thrive in a wide range of growing conditions. It prefers well-draining soil and bright, indirect sunlight, but can also tolerate low-light conditions.

Aloe vera is a popular houseplant due to its air-purifying properties and its ability to thrive in low-humidity environments. With proper care and attention, the aloe vera plant can be a beautiful and useful addition to any home or garden.


haworthia plant in white pot

Haworthia is a genus of small succulent plants that are native to southern Africa. These plants are popular among gardeners and succulent enthusiasts due to their unique and attractive appearance. They have fleshy, pointed leaves that grow in a rosette pattern, and are often marked with intricate patterns and stripes.

The plants are low-maintenance and can be grown both indoors and outdoors, making them a versatile addition to any collection. They prefer bright, indirect sunlight and well-draining soil, and should be watered only when the soil is completely dry.

Haworthia plants can also be propagated easily from offsets, which grow from the base of the parent plant. With their intriguing appearance and easy-care nature, Haworthia plants are a great choice for those looking to expand their succulent collection.

Snake Plant

group of potted snake plants at nursery

Snake plant, also known as Sansevieria, is a popular indoor plant that is native to West Africa. This plant is known for its tall, stiff leaves that are striped with shades of green and yellow, and its ability to purify the air by removing toxins.

Snake plants are incredibly hardy and can tolerate low light, low humidity, and infrequent watering, making them an ideal choice for those who are new to indoor gardening or those who have limited time to care for their plants. The leaves of the snake plant are also thick and waxy, which helps them to retain moisture during periods of drought.

Snake plants are also easy to propagate, and can be grown from cuttings or by dividing the plant’s root system. With their unique appearance and low-maintenance nature, snake plants are an excellent choice for anyone looking to add some greenery to their home or office.

Common Issues with Succulent Plants

Succulents are generally easy-to-care-for plants, but they can still experience some issues if they are not given the proper growing conditions. Here are some common issues that succulent plants may face:


One of the most common issues with succulents is overwatering. These plants store water in their leaves, stems, or roots, and do not need to be watered frequently. Overwatering can cause root rot, which can be fatal to the plant.


While succulents do not need to be watered frequently, they still require some water to survive. Underwatering can cause the leaves to become wrinkled and dry, and may eventually cause the plant to die.

Lack of sunlight

Succulents require bright, indirect sunlight to thrive. A lack of sunlight can cause the plant to become leggy and stretched out, or to develop yellowing leaves.


Succulents can be vulnerable to pests such as mealybugs and spider mites. These pests can cause damage to the leaves and stem of the plant, and may eventually cause it to die.

Improper soil

Succulents require well-draining soil to prevent water from sitting in the soil and causing root rot. Using soil that is too heavy or does not drain well can cause issues with the plant’s growth and health.

By providing the proper growing conditions and addressing any issues that arise promptly, succulent plants can thrive and bring beauty to your home or office.

Propagating Succulent Plants

Propagating succulent plants is a great way to expand your collection or share your plants with friends and family. Here are some steps to propagate succulent plants:

  1. Choose a healthy parent plant: Select a mature, healthy succulent plant with no signs of disease or damage. You can propagate from leaves, stem cuttings, or offsets.
  2. Prepare the soil: Succulents require well-draining soil. You can use a mixture of potting soil, sand, and perlite to create a suitable growing medium.
  3. Remove a leaf or cutting: To propagate from a leaf, gently twist the leaf off the parent plant, making sure to remove it cleanly. To propagate from a stem cutting, use a sharp, clean knife to cut a stem section with several leaves.
  4. Let the leaf or cutting dry: Allow the leaf or cutting to dry for a few days until a callus forms over the cut end. This will help prevent the plant from rotting when it is planted.
  5. Plant the leaf or cutting: Once the callus has formed, plant the leaf or cutting in the prepared soil. Water the soil lightly, and then wait for the plant to take root.
  6. Provide the proper growing conditions: Succulent plants require bright, indirect sunlight and minimal watering. Make sure to place the newly propagated plant in a location with suitable lighting conditions, and water only when the soil is completely dry.

With the proper care and attention, your newly propagated succulent plants will thrive and bring beauty to your home or office.


Succulents are generally easy to care for, but it’s important to remember that they are susceptible to root rot if overwatered. When watering succulents, it’s best to water deeply and then allow the soil to dry out completely before watering again. With their unique shapes and easy-to-care-for nature, succulents are a great choice for beginners looking to add some greenery to their homes.

Kate Inskeep

Kate Inskeep is a mom of three from Illinois who loves growing things. She fell in love with houseplants after a friend gifted her some succulents. Before long, her windowsills were full of plants, and she was hooked.

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